Raj Nath Bhat (Department of Linguistics, Banaras Hindu University)
Abstract ID: 379
Topic: Language, community, ethnicity
General Session Papers
Genetic and Geological studies reveal that following the melting of snows 22000 years ago, the post Ice-age Sundaland peoples’ migrations as well as other peoples’ migrations spread the ancestors of two distinct ethnic groups Austronesian and Austroasiatic to various East and South–East Asian countries. Some of the Austroasiatic groups must have migrated to the north-east India at a later date whose descendants are today’s Munda-speaking people of north-east, east and south-central India.
Language is the store-house of one’s ancestral knowledge, the community’s history, its skills, customs, rituals and rites, attire and cuisine, sports and games, pleasantries and sorrows, terrain and geography, climate and seasons, family and neighbourhoods, greetings and address-forms and so on. Language loss leads to loss of social identity and cultural knowledge, loss of ecological knowledge, and many more. Linguistic hegemony marginalizes and subdues the mother-tongues of the peripheral groups of a society, thereby the community’s narratives, histories, skills etc. are erased from their memories and fabricated narratives are created to replace them. Each social-group has its own norms of extending respect to a hearer, a stranger. Similarly there are social rules of expressing grief, condoling, consoling, and mourning and so on. The emergence of nation-states after the 2nd World War has made it imperative for every social group to build an authentic, indigenous narrative with intellectual rigour to sustain itself politically and ideologically and progress forward peacefully. The present essay will attempt to introduce variants of linguistic-anthropology practiced in the West, their genesis and importance for the Asian speech communities. An attempt shall be made to outline a Khymer narrative with inputs from Khymer History, Art and Architecture, Agriculture and Language, for the scholars to take into account, for putting Cambodia on the path to peace, progress and development.
Keywords: Austroasiatic, Sundaland, Cambodia