Abui is an endangered language spoken in the Alor archipelago of Indonesia. It is a member of the Timor-Alor-Pantar language family and has approximately 4,000 speakers. This research article will analyze the Abui language using the linguistic anthropology point of view.

Linguistic anthropology is the study of how language influences and is influenced by social life, cultural practices, and power relations. It examines the relationships between language, culture, and society, and how they shape each other. By using the linguistic anthropology point of view, we can better understand the Abui language and its role in the Abui society.

The Abui language is a complex and highly inflected language with a rich morphology. It has a large inventory of phonemes, including several phonemes that are not found in other languages. The Abui language has a unique verb-initial word order and makes use of suffixes and prefixes to indicate tense, aspect, and mood.

The Abui language is used in a wide range of social contexts, including everyday conversation, ritual ceremonies, and traditional storytelling. The language is central to the Abui cultural identity and plays an important role in the transmission of cultural knowledge from one generation to the next.

The Abui society is organized around a system of clans, with each clan having its own territory, customs, and language variations. The Abui society is also stratified based on age, gender, and social status. Elders are highly respected and hold significant power and influence in the community.

The Abui culture is centered around agriculture and fishing, with farming being the primary means of subsistence. Traditional beliefs and practices are still widely held, and the Abui people have a deep spiritual connection to the natural world.

Language use in the Abui society is strongly influenced by power relations. Elders are expected to be addressed with respect and are often the primary speakers in traditional ceremonies and rituals. Language use also varies based on social status and gender, with men generally holding more power and authority in the community.

The Abui language is also under threat from external factors such as globalization and the spread of Indonesian as a national language. Many Abui people are now bilingual in Indonesian, and there is concern that the Abui language may eventually become extinct.

The Abui language is an important part of the Abui culture and plays a vital role in the transmission of cultural knowledge and identity. The linguistic anthropology point of view provides a useful framework for analyzing the relationships between language, culture, and society in the Abui community. By understanding the social and cultural context in which the Abui language is used, we can better appreciate its significance and the challenges it faces in the modern world.