Nearly two-thirds of the population of Brunei is classified officially as Malay.This category, however, includes not only ethnic Malays but also a number of the indigenous peoples, namely the Dusun, Belait, Kedayan, Murut, and Bisaya (Bisayah). The official language is Malay, with English as a major second language. Many Chinese speak southern varieties of Chinese, and many learn Mandarin in school.

Population: (in 2020) 437,479

Number of States/Provinces: 4 Districts

Ethnic Groups: Malay, Kedayan, Chinese, Dusun, Iban, Melanau, Indians

Official Language: Standard Malay

Worldwide Standard Malay speakers: 43.3 million

Other Languages: Brunei Malay, English, Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka, Mandarin, Kedayan, Tutong, Belait, Dusun, Bisaya, Murut, Arabic, Tamil, Gurkhali