The Impact of Erasmus+ Mobilities on European Identity: Insights from Sofia University

Author Information

Penka Hristova,
Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski,” Bulgaria

Katerina Hristozova,
Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski,” Bulgaria

DOI: 10.47298/comela22.1-12
The GLOCAL Proceedings:  The GLOCAL Conference in the Mediterranean and Europe 2022

Abstract

Student mobilities and the Erasmus Programme have sought to promote academic and cultural exchange, and to develop European identity and the feeling of belonging to the European Union. Nevertheless, there are few studies addressing the ways in which participation in the programme affects the development of European identity.

This paper contributes to the generation of more knowledge on this issue by presenting results from scientific research aiming to detect the impact of the Erasmus+ Programme on the language skills and the European identity of students from SU ‘St. Kliment Ohridski,’ and who participated in mobilities under the Erasmus+ Programme during the period 2015-2019. The methodology includes various quantitative and qualitative methods, including a questionnaire, and semi-structured interviews with participants in the programme.


Keywords: Student mobility, Erasmus+ Programme, European identity. linguistic anthropology


References

Стойчева, М. (2016). Европейска Идентичност. Теоретични Дилеми и Аналитични Подходи. Университетско Издателство, Св. Климент Охридски. (Stoicheva, M. Evropeyskata identichnst. Teoretichni dilemi I analitichni podhodi.Universitetsko izdatelstvo “Sv. Kliment Ohridski”).
Фотев, Г. (2019). (съст.) Европейските ценности. Новата констелация. Издателство на НБУ. (Fotev, G. (sast.) Evropeyskite tsennosti. Novata konstelatsia. Izdatelstvo na NBU).
Хабермас, Ю. (2004). Постнационалната констелация: Полит. есета. Издателска къща КХ – Критика и Хуманизъм. (Habermas, J. Postnatsionalnata konstelatsia: Polit. eseta. Izdatelska kashta KH – Kritika i Humanizam).
Baker, C. (1992). Attitudes and Language. Multilingual Matters.
Bruter, M. (2005). Citizens of Europe: The Emergence of a Mass European Identity. Palgrave Macmillan.
Capello, R. (2018). Cohesion Policies and the Creation of a European Identity: The Role of Territorial Identity. Journal of Common Market Studies, 56(3): 489-503.
Cerutti, F. (2001). Toward the Political Identity of Europeans. An Introduction. In F. Cerruti and E. Rudolph (eds). A Soul of Europe: On the Political and Cultural Identity of the Europeans, Vol. 1, A Reeder. Peeters.
Checkel, J., T. and Katzenstein, P., J. (2009). The Politization of European Identities. In Checkel, J. T. and P. J. Katzenstein (eds.), European Identity. Cambridge University Press.
Cores-Bilbao, E., M. Méndez-García and M. Carmen Fonseca-Mora. (2020). University students’ representations of Europe and self-identification as Europeans: a synthesis of qualitative evidence for future policy formulation. European Journal of Futures Research, 8:1.
Delanty, G. (2019). Formations of European Modernity. A Historical and Political Sociology of Europe. Palgrave Macmillan.
Delanty, G. (2012). A Cosmopolitan Approach to the Explanation of Social Change. Sociological Review, 60(2).
Delanty, G. (1995). Inventing Europe. Ideas, Identity, Reality. Palgrave Macmillan.
Delanty, G. and Rumford, C. (2005). Rethinking Europe: Social Theory and the Implications of Europeanization. Routledge.
Diez Medrano, J. (2010). Unpacking European Identity.  Politique Européenne 2010/1 (n° 30), 2010, pp. 45-66. Online. <https://www.cairn.info/revue-politique-europeenne-2010-1-page-45.htm>, Last Accessed on 10th Dec, 2020.
European Commission. (2021). Erasmus+ Higher Education Impact Study. Final Report. Brussels, 2019. Online. < https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/94d97f5c-7ae2-11e9-9f05-01aa75ed71a1 >, Last Accessed on 5th March, 2021.
Guerra, S. (2013). Central and Eastern European Attitudes in the Face of Union. Palgrave Macmillan.
Herrmann, R. and Brewer, M. (2004). Identities and Institutions. Becoming European in the EU. In T. Risse, R. Herrmann, and M. Brewer (eds.), Transnational Identities. Becoming European in the EU. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.
Lodico, M. G., Spaulding, D. T., and Voegtle, K. H. (2006). Methods in educational research: From theory to practice. Jossey-Bass.
Lucarelli, S. and Manners, I. (eds.) (2006). Values and Principles in European Foreign Policy. Routledge.
McLaren, L. (2006). Identity, Interests and Attitudes to European Integration. Palgrave Macmillan.
Mitchell, K. (2016). European Identity and Diffuse Support for the European Union in a Time of Crisis: What Can We Learn from University Students? In V. Kaina, I. P. Karolewski, and S. Kuhn (eds,), European Identity Revisited: New Approaches and Recent Empirical Evidence (pp. 177-198). Routledge.
Outhwaite, W. (2012). Social Structure. In R. Sakwa and A. Stevens (eds.), Contemporary Europe. Palgrave Macmillan.
Parekh, B. (2008). A New Politics of Identity. Political Principles for an Interdependent World. Palgrave Macmillan.
Risse, T., A. (2010). Community of Europeans? Transnational Identities and Public Spheres. Cornell University Press.
Shore, C. (2000). Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration. Press.
Smith, A. (1991). National Identity. Penguin Books.
Van Mol, C. (2019). Intra-European Student Mobility and the Different Meanings of ‘Europe.’ Acta Sociologica. Online. < Intra-European student mobility and the different meanings of ‘Europe’ – Christof Van Mol, 2019 (sagepub.com)>, Last Accessed on 10th Dec., 2020.
Van Mol, C. (2018). Becoming Europeans: The Relationship between Student Exchanges in Higher Education, European Citizenship, and a Sense of European Identity. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 31(4): 449-463.
Van Mol, C. (2013). Intra-European student mobility and European identity: A successful marriage? Population, Space, and Place, 19(2): 209–222.
Wallace, H. (2001). Introduction: Rethinking European Integration. In Wallace, H. (ed.), Interlocking Dimensions in European Integration. Palgrave Macmillan.
Zielonka, J. (2006). Europe as Empire. The Nature of the Enlarged European Union. Oxford University Press.



Full COMELA 2022 Proceedings book