Paraguay, as with many countries, has legislation that intends to protect the Guaraní language. Yet, there are problems with the legislation, and these problems have significant implications on the Guaraní people. Yet, the Paraguayan Guaraní language is thriving. The language has approximately 6 million speakers, where, in 2012, 64 percent of the Paraguyan population spoken both Guaraní and Spanish. Yet, the only indigenous language spoken predominantly by non-indigenous people is in fact the Paraguayan Guaraní language.

Yet, as with any language, the Paraguayan Guaraní language has shifted in form over teh centuries. As such, the mainstream Guaraní indigenous groups in Paraguay now have competence in Ava Guaraní or in Mbyá Guaraní. Despite the distinctly segregated elements in each of these varieties, speakers of each variety can comprehend each other variety.

The Guaraní people had a close relationship with newcomers, with intermarriage between the Spanish and the locals in the mid -14th century, thus roducing bilingual families and descendents, becoming the current mestizo society in Paraguay, creating a written form for the language in the 16th century..FOllowing a royal decree in the late 16th century to remove indigenous languages in colonized territories, the language was banned from use in many sectors throughout civil society, that is, in officialdom.