The Munduruku people have protested that during the construction of the São Manoel dam, in Brazil, sacred urns were taken, and which now must be returend to “somewhere where the Pariwat [white human] can not visit.” Brazilian law clearly stipulates that these artefacts are archaeological relics, and thus are the property of fthe national state, and thus must be acquired by a museum.In addition to this, the Munduruku people have requestede that thydroelectric companies develop a “Munduruku Fund” for the creation of an indigenous university, protection of their sacred sites, and others..

The company São Manoel Energia expressed in the media its willingness to guarantee the safety of the local communities, while working with these communities to assist in the sustaining of these heritages and heritage practices. The company announced that it does comply with all legal requirements for the construction of the dam, However, not all parties agree to this, where some hve noted that the company is not adhering to legal requirements, such as critics and the Federal Public Ministry.

To aid the construction work, three international companies are acting as one combined conglomerate to manage the project: Portuguese-owned Energias do Brasil, Brazil state-owned Furnas, and the China Three Gorges Corporation. This project thus further marks China’s inroads into distant regions, such as South America.

Yet, many communities have sustained significant cultural andn human damage owing to the building of the dam together with another, not least of which is the Munduruku. Here, language cultural heritage is being directly targeted, as speakers of the languages and their cultural heritages will quickly disappear.