Laos is often described as less a nation state than a conglomeration of tribes and languages. And depending on who you talk with, that conglomeration consists of between 49 and 134 different ethnic groups. Laos’ dominant language is Lao, though only about 70% of the population speaks this language natively.
Population: (in 2020) 7,275,560
Ethnic Groups: Aheu, Alak, Arem, Bo, Bru, Chut, Halang Doan, Hung, Ir, Jeh, Katang, Katu, Khlor, Khmer, Khua, Kri, Kuy, Lavae, Lave, Laven, Lavi, Maleng, Mon, Ngae, Nguon, Nyaheun, Ong, Oi, Pakoh, Phong, Sadang, Salang, Sapuan, Makong, Sou, Souie, Taliang, Ta-oi, Vietnamese, Yae, Bit, Con, Samtao, Lamet, Khmu, Khuen, Mal, Mlabri, O’du, Phai, Xinh Mul, Kaw, Hani, Kaduo, Lahu, Lahu Shi, Phana, Phunoi, Si La, Hmong Daw, Hmong Njua, Iu Mien, Kim Mun, Tai Daeng, Tai Dam, Tai He or Tai E, Tai Khang, Tay Khang, Tai Kao, Kongsat, Kuan, Tai Laan, Tai Maen, Lao, Lao Lom, Tai Long,