Policy on Harassment


The GLOCAL recognizes the rights of every member and affiliate to be able to participate without being subjected to sexual  or any form of harassment. It is the obligation and responsibility of every member and affiliate of The GLOCAL to ensure that the organizations is free from any harassment. As such, The GLOCAL is fully committed to its obligation of eliminating harassment.


The purpose of this document is to outline the position of The GLOCAL on harassment and to document the process which is to be followed should grievances or issues of salience arise.


  • Harassment is belittling or threatening behavior directed at an individual or a group.
  • Harassment is known by many names, including
    • Mobbing
    • Bullying
    • Mistreatment
    • Aggression
    • Molestation
    • Abuse
  • Harassment includes various types of discrimination and acts of violation that are not confined to one specific group. These wide-ranging types of harassment can be categorized into emotional and physical abuse, all of which target various groups, including women, racial minorities, groups with particular sexual preferences, people with disabilities, immigrants, people wit particular religious preferences, and so forth.
  • The resolution of harassment requires pluralistic understanding, as it cannot be delineated in one coherent definition.
  • Any act of discrimination or assault that systematically disadvantages others is considered harassment, while contributing to the deterioration of physical and emotional health of those involved.


The vast range of different harassments imposed on the victims can be categorized into two types, physical abuse and emotional abuse.

  • Physical abuse refers to sexual assault and violence on the body. Physical harassment takes many forms. Sexual assault is one form of widely known physical harassment. Sexual assault has gained media and academic attention majorly in the 90s after a series of famous sex scandals.
  • Another form of physical harassment is violence. Violence is defined as physical threats and assaults targeted people. There are two main perpetrators for workplace violence: criminals who approached as clients, and co-workers.[13] The criminals assert violence through the forms of robberies and homicides, and the rate of homicides in the workplace has risen significantly over the past 20 years.
  • Emotional abuse refers to imposing stress and bullying. Unlike physical harassment, emotional harassment is unnoticeable and also viewed as being more socially acceptable.[16] Naturally, emotional harassment gets less attention than physical harassment, which perpetuates the issue of emotional harassment. Emotional harassment can be defined as hostile behaviors directed at gaining compliance from others, and hence by manipulation of people’s actions through social behaviors.One common form of emotional abuse is bullying.
  • Specific bullying includes:
    • false accusations of mistakes and errors
    • hostile glares and other intimidating non-verbal behaviors
    • yelling, shouting, and screaming
    • exclusion and silent treatment
    • withholding resources and information necessary
    • behind-the-back sabotage and defamation
    • put-downs, insults, and excessively harsh criticism
    • unreasonably heavy work demands designed to ensure failure

Often, leaders exhibiting harassing behavior maintain their jobs as their behavior is seen to increase productivity. These behaviors can range from subtle emotional cues to outward physical threats, including

  • silence.
  • direct insults.
  • angry outbursts.

These actions can bring the humiliation to people, who may become isolated and this may result in the harassed person themselves lashing out at others, or committing suicide.


The victims of harassment can be separated into three categories:

  • Sex – All sexes are victims of harassment. The most common form of harassment that women face is sexual harassment, such as unwanted, unavoidable, uncomfortable sexual attention.
  • Sexuality – Despite that a great percentage of current populations identifies as LGBT,  these communities face constant discrimination and harassment. Harassment for LGBT communities include
    • the psychological and physical strain in hiding their sexuality in a heteronormative environment.
    • the direct harassment from the public after disclosing one’s sexuality. Here, as LGBT individuals experience verbal assault, physical violence, and hate crimes after disclosing their sexuality, these communities often conceal their sexuality.
  • Race – Culturally stigmatized groups face a great level of harassment. With changes in the political and social scenes globally, subtle and daily harassment is more common than blatant and explicit harassment. The mistreatments and harassments do not explicitly “reference race or discrimination as the cause of the treatment”, because overt racism is prohibited. However, race is associated with mistreatment


  • The GLOCAL will not tolerate sexual harassment under any circumstances. Responsibility lies with every GLOCAL member to ensure that harassment does not occur.
  • The GLOCAL very explicitly states that harassment is unlawful and establishes minimum standards of behavior for all people perpetuating this harassment. This policy applies to conduct that takes place in any context, including conferences, a universal range of functions, social events and research excursions.
  • No person at any level should subject any other person to any form of harassment.
  • A breach of this policy will result in disciplinary action, up to and including termination of membership or involvement.
  • The GLOCAL strongly encourages any person who feels they have been harassed to take immediate action. If a person feels comfortable in doing so, it is preferable to raise the issue with the person directly with a view to resolving the issue by discussion. The person should identify the harassing behaviour, explain that the behaviour is unwelcome and offensive and ask that the behaviour stops. Alternatively, or in addition, they may report the behaviour in accordance with the relevant procedure. Once a report is made, the organisation has the right to determine how the report should be dealt with in accordance with its obligations and this policy.
  • Any reports of harassment will be treated seriously and promptly with sensitivity. Such reports will be completely confidential up to the point where a formal or informal complaint is lodged against a particular person, at which point that person must be notified under the rules of natural justice.
  • Complainants have the right to determine how to have a complaint treated, to have support or representation throughout the process, and the option to discontinue a complaint at any stage of the process.
    The alleged harasser also has the right to have support or representation during any investigation, as well as the right to respond fully to any formal allegations made. There will be no presumptions of guilt and no determination made until a full investigation has been completed.
    No person will be treated unfairly as a result of rejecting unwanted advances. Disciplinary action may be taken against anyone who victimises or retaliates against a person who has complained of harassment, or against any person who has been alleged to be a harasser.
  • All people have the right to seek the assistance of the relevant tribunal or legislative body to assist them in the resolution of any concerns.
    People of authority who fail to take appropriate corrective action when aware of harassment of a person will also be subject to disciplinary action.


It is the responsibility of every member and affiliate of The GLOCAL to ensure that:

  • they are committed to the rights and entitlements of all people to ineract and to perform their duties, without fear of being sexually harassed in any form;
  • they are understand what constitutes an act of harassment;
  • all reasonable steps are made to eliminate harassment;
  • all members and affiliates are regularly made aware of their obligations in relation to providing an environment free from harassment;
  • they provide an environment which discourages harassment and victimization and set an example by their own behavior;
  • Equal Opportunity Contact Officers are appointed, trained and known to all staff;
  • they treat all complaints seriously and confidentially; and
  • they take immediate and appropriate corrective action if they become aware of any offensive action.
  • policies and procedures are regularly reviewed and (if necessary) amended;
  • policies and procedures are complied with regular guidance and education is provided to all regarding harassment and inappropriate behavior;
  • The GLOCAL is aware of its obligations and responsibilities in relation to  harassment, and the rights and entitlements of relevant people;
  • ongoing support and guidance is provided to all people in relation to the prevention of harassment.