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Layli Hamida (English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga)
Abstract ID: 383
Topic: Language socialization
General Session Papers
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Extended discourse in the form of narratives and explanations in family talks is a rich source of language socialization for children. In developing country i.e Indonesia, extended discourse could take place in a social activity such as an occasion of literacy event of learning routines. This paper aims at elaborating the varieties of narratives and explanations transpired in caregiver-child verbal interaction during the learning routines and how the activities benefit children’s literacy and narrative developments. Ethnographic fieldworks on 21 caregivers and children from low to middle class families in Jagir community in Surabaya, Indonesia, were conducted to obtain conversational discourse data. Depth interviews with the parents or caregivers were performed to gain insight about their beliefs and expectation on their children’s education. Field notes as well as document of children’s narrative writing were collected to provide supporting evidence of advantages children gain from the extended discourse. The results show that narratives and explanations in caregiver speeches suggest a variety of forms ranging from personal experiences to collaborative conversation. The data recommend that the emersion of extended discourse presents a distinctive pattern based on the families’ social backgrounds as well as the enforcement of local dynamics as of the use of Javanese in the narration and explanation. It could be argued that there is a close engagement between parents’ or caregivers’ background and participation in learning routines and children academic performance. It could also be claimed that learning routines is a prolific context for heritage language socialization. It could also be claimed that learning routines is a prolific context for heritage language socialization. The study contributes to the revelation of cultural differences in patterns of language socialization and the construction of identity.

Keywords: language socialization, narrative, explanation, learning routines, verbal interaction