Salimah (English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga)
Abstract ID: 389
Topic: Language, community, ethnicity
General Session Papers
Bungah is one of rural Gresik areas in East Java, Indonesia. Moslem community in this area has a very resilient engagement with religious tradition of Islam as it obliges the teaching and socialization of Arabic as top priority undermining any other foreign language teaching and socialization, including the teaching and learning of English. This paper intends to uncover the implication of this strong language ideology on the community practices of foreign language socialization and analyse factors that may strengthen this belief. Ethnographic fieldworks were conducted to observe and obtain data on daily language practices in relation to foreign language socialization. Several leading community members including community leaders, teachers, and other respected members are interviewed to acquire insight into their language ideology. The results of the study indicate that children, including their extended familial circumstance are more appreciated when they learn and are proficient in Arabic. They are more respected and are given more cultural and social opportunities. Unfortunately, this advantageous position of Arabic has hindered the socialization of English as the global language. Proficient Arabic speakers will be entitled as desired religious followers, and interestingly, an equal recognition might not be given to those who are proficient in English. These difference based on religious informed positions affect the socialisation process in the consequence that English is often excluded from the curriculum of early childhood schooling.
Keywords: language ideology, language socialization, Arabic and English as foreign languages