JAMMU AND KASHMIRTHE BURUSASHKI LANGUAGE SPEAKERS
In 1981, Peter Backstrom had estimated the number of Burushaski speakers in Pakistan then to be 55,000-60,000. Ethnologue reported approximately 96,800 Burushaski speakers in Pakistan in 2004, whereas Munshi suggests the current number to be approximately 100,000. There is currently an increasing fear of language shift, where most speakers are multilingual in Kashmiri, Urdu and English, and hence, Burushaski is influenced by Urdu and other languages such as Kashmiri, Shina and Khowar. However, scholars in Pakistan have embarked on efforts to preeever the language.
Munshi has produced a large searchable digital corpus, Burushaski Language Resource, which are housed at the Digital Collections Library of UNT. These include popular stories, personal narratives, natural conversations, songs, etc.
The language has a number of dialects: Nagar (“Khajuna” (pej.), Nagir), Hunza (Kunjut), Yasin (Werchikwar). Yasin is geographically separated from other dialects, where the lexical similarity is 91%–94% between Nagar and Hunza dialects, 67%–72% between Yasin and Hunza, and 66%–71% between Yasin and Nagar.
Watch documentaries from the Burusashki community.
Information About Burushaski Language in Srinagar India With Muhammad Ibrahim in 2019.
Burushaski, the Unique language of Gilgit Baltistan from BBC News in 2017.