The INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF BANGLADESH
Groups other than the Chakma in the Chittagong Hill Tract, as a region of 11 multilingual indigenous peoples, include the Marma, Tripura, Mro, Bawm, Pangkhu, Khyang, Khumi, Chak, Lushai and Tanchangya groups, in addition to a small number of descendents of Assames, Gorkha and Santals.
The groups throughout the Chittagong Hill Tract are all collectively labelled as the Jumma (High Landers). Yet, we can differentiate between these groups and the Bengali people of Bangladesh.
As such, the Chittagong Hill Tract has been divided into three hill districts. These three districts are the Rangamati, the Khagrachari and the Bandarban hill districts. The CHT legal and administrative system is articulately separate from those throughout other parts of Bangladesh.
A decentralised government institution also exists in the Chittagong Hill Tract, where at regional level, this appears pervasively. The Chittagong Hill Tracts also contain traditional structures predicated on the customs of the local indigenous Jumma people, which have Circle Chiefs, and Headmen at Mouza and Karbaries, mostly at the village category.